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Pomiń łącza nawigacji.

About Poland

Strumien w górach

Poland is a country of over one thousand-year tradition. Beautiful, splendid and historic places, kind and friendly Poles give you the feeling that Poland has its own atmosphere you would not be able to feel in any other part of the world.

Poland is a country in central Europe with capital in Warsaw, and its total area of 312 685 km2. Poland borders with: Russia (Kaliningrad District) (210 km), Lithuania (103 km), Byelorussia (416 km), Ukraine (529 km), Slovakia (539 km), Czech Republic (790 km), Germany (467 km). The total length of its borders is 3582 km-among which 528 km is the Baltic Sea shoreline.

The population of Poland estimates over 38.6 mln people. Polish is an official language of Poland. Most citizens can easily speak English. German is mainly spoken in western part of the country, as well as Russian in the eastern one. Poland is mostly lowland. Despite the majority of lowland Polish landscape is very varied. Poland is famous for its lakes (there are over 9300 of them) and rivers (main rivers of Poland are Vistula (Wisla) and Odra). Around 30% of the land area is covered by Pine, Beech and Birch forests while patches of tundra are found along the Baltic Sea coast and steppe covers the Polish Plateau. The most important cities in Poland, apart from Warsaw, are: Gdańsk,Katowice, Kraków, Lublin, Wrocław, Łódź, Poznań, Szczecin, Toruń(where Nicolaus Copernicus was born), Zakopane (in the Tatra Mountains).

For more information about Poland:

Climate

Polska Zima

Poland has a temperate climate, similar to the rest of the continental zone, so we have the four seasons. January is usually the coldest month (-15oC/+5oC), July - the hottest (+22oC/+30oC). Don’t expect extreme temperatures, but be sure to bring a full array of clothing for all seasons. This climate allows us to practice any kind of activities during the different seasons of the year, from skiing to go to swim to the Baltic sea during summer.

Activities

In winter:

  • Skiing - mostly in the Carpathians (Zakopane at the foot of the Tatra Mountains, Szczyrk in the Beskid Slaski, Szklarska Poreba in Karkonosze)
  • Iceboats - especially in Masurian Lake District where varius championships are held

In summer:

  • Hiking - most popular in Polish mountains. Experienced alpinists can visit the beautiful Tatra Mountains (highest pick Rysy, 2499 m.). The Pieniny, the Bieszczady or the Karkonosze are great for less experience hikers.
  • Canoeing - Mazury Lake District offers some of the best kayaking in the country - almost untouched by civilization Krutynia and Czarna Hancza are real paradise for kayak-lovers.
  • Sailing - mostly on the Masurian lakes – most famous resorts are Gizycko, Mikolajki, Ruciane Nida. Sailors are also fond of picturesque Kaszubian lakes or Jeziorak lake near Ilawa
  • Caves - mostly in the uplands near Krakow and in the Tatra Mountains

Money

Płock

Poland’s official currency is the Złoty (PLN) divided into 100 Groszy. You can exchange money either in banks or in private exchange offices. The rates differ a bit. At the beginning of this year an exchange rate of Euro was about 4.00 PLN for 1.00 Euro. Most banks charge no commission for cashing traveller’s cheques. You can as well find cash machines (called “Bankomat”) all over the country. Their service fees can be up to 3%. Credit cards, especially the better known ones, such as American Express, MasterCard, EuroCard, Visa, Maestro, etc., are accepted in an increasing number of places. Look for their stickers in the shop windows. More and more foreign banks have offices in Poland, so you just might find your favourite bank here. Check at home, before leaving. On Sundays all banks are closed.

Time

Poland lies in the Central-European time zone (CET). Daylight Saving Time lasts from the end of March to the end of October. The full 24 hour clock is generally used (though rarely in speech) – so 9 p.m. is usually referred to as 21:00.

Police and emergency facilites

Police wear navy blue uniforms, their cars are navy blue and white. You might see some mounted-police on special festive occasions. Policemen have the right to ask for some sort of ID. If they are not in uniform, you should ask for theirs as well.

In case of emergency dial (free call from pay phones):

  • 999 – Ambulance
  • 998 – Fire Department
  • 997 – Police

Using mobile phone you can dial: 112 – International Alert Phone

Getting To Poland

The main airline in Poland is LOT Polish Airlines. There are direct flights to Warsaw from major European destinations, as well as from US cities (e.g. New York, Chicago). It is also possible to get directly to Gdansk, Krakow, Katowice, Poznan, Wroclaw. For more information you can take a look in www.lot.com

You can also reach Poland by train or by bus, they run from the most important European cities to Warsaw or almost to any city in Poland. The main train company in Poland is PKP (www.pkp.pl), and to find information about buses (PKS) you can check www.rozkladpks.pl. Another way for getting to Poland is by sea, specially if you are coming from Scandinavia (Sweden, Norway, Denmark) to the main Polish ports: Gdansk, Gdynia and Swinoujscie (most services have car-freighting facilities).

Getting around Poland

  • trains are most popular and relatively cheap means of transport
  • buses - public and private transport available
  • car - driving in Poland might be tedious and time consuming due to poor quality of roads and lack of highways
  • planes - destinations within Poland include: Warsaw, Gdansk, Krakow, Poznan, Katowice, Wroclaw
  • cycling - advised especially in quiet rural Poland; urban areas are bike-unfriendly with few cycle paths

Once you get your student card from our University, you’ll have student discount!!
















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